Minerals are essential for all of our bodily functions. They are needed for bone and teeth health for our blood, skin, hair, nerve function, muscle and for all our metabolic processes. They are foundational to everything we are as physical beings. All minerals are generally in a state of depletion in modern western people because our soils suck and our food supply is so compromised in a multitude of ways. Before withdrawing from psych meds it’s important to have some foundational well-being if at all possible so that one might mitigate severe withdrawal issues.
As you know, I am interested into drug addiction, I have come across an interesting theory.
The theory is that most people who “have been addicts” or currently are addicts, (once you are an addict, you can never really leave it sadly.) seem to have a common traumatic event happen in their life. Either sexual abuse or being in a physically abuse relationship with “loved” ones.
Could addiction be masking this event? So in effect, widely recognised drug addiction programs aren’t even addressing this vital issue as drug addiction maybe used as a technique for cognitive repression, a journal article discussing this is here – click here.
If you find anything like this in your life or those that you love have addiction, maybe the question you have to ask is, “did they have any sexual or physical abuse earlier on in their life?”
You maybe shocked at the results…..
This is the second blog post on the topic of natural medicine and addiction.
The topic this time is neurotransmitters and addiction. There are various environmental factors which can affection neurotransmitter function and such factors are things like poor diet, energy imbalance and toxins. Below is a list of where the main neurotransmitters are and their function:
Used with permission from www.rn.org
As you can see with the diagram above. (When you click on the pictures, they come up full size in a separate window.) The Dopamine and Serotonin receptors are both synthesised in the raphe nucleus and got their own locations in the brain, but they are the main neurotransmitters found in addiction, along with GABA or gamma – amin0butyric acid, endorphin and enkephalin.
Taken from Ref. 2
The chart above is showing the different parts we are referring to, with the areas in the brain they are most likely to be found. Ventral Tegemental Area (VTA), and Substantia nigra are often noted in cocaine addiction. The Nucleus Accumbens (NAc) is often seen in heroin addiction. I thought I had a post on it! It has got lost somewhere, I had a blog on addiction and the brain and it has vamooshed!
“Modified from brain illustration: http://prorecovery.blogspot.com“
Figure 2 from Ref. 2
The diagrams above are taken from another paper by Blum, but, Blum and other scientists studying this topic have all found that the level of dopamine found in the brain of addicts is lower than normal. We also know about the other neurotransmitters as well, and they are in other posts on this blog.
In the last post of this series, we were talking about genetic factors and even if these factors were in play with the initial addiction onset, the ingestion of the alcohol and drugs, or the injection of drugs, the neurochemistry then starts to have an effect as the receptor pathways respond to the drugs. If the person is a chronic alcoholic, then they should have a reduced action or a deficiency in action of the following neurotransmitters: dopamine; serotonin; GABA, endorphin and finally enkephalin.
To combat these deficiencies naturally, it is common practice to have doses of amino acids, or their precursor – which is quite a common practice, varying strength depending on each case seen. They can be administered either by oral (pills) or by intravenous (injection) routes. Thus correcting the deficits and t0 aid the functioning of the neurotransmitters, however, depression, anxiety, withdrawal symptoms being the main ones being corrected using the amino acid method of treatment. The fact that the addiction can be corrected using this method shows that addiction has a neurotransmitter balance which is completely out of sync.
Further to that finding, it can often indicate that there is a amino acid deficiency at the heart of the addiction. Sometimes, it can be that the amino acid measure is only obtaining temporary results, in this case, it would be advisable to have regular treatments over a longer term, thus indicating a major deficit in the neurotransmitter concerned, or a cocktail, if the addiction has been long term.
The next post in the series will be about nutrition deficiencies and addiction.
- Marohn, Stephanie (2004) The Natural Medicine Guide to Addiction, PP 30 -31.
- Blum, Kenneth, Oscar-Berman, Marlene, Stuller, Elizabeth, Miller, David, et al. (2012) “Neurogenetics and Nutrigenomics of Neuro-Nutrient Therapy for Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS): Clinical Ramifications as a Function of Molecular Neurobiological Mechanisms.” Journal of addiction research & therapy, 3, p. 139. [online] Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=3733258&tool=pmcentrez&rendertype=abstract
I have just noticed an interesting paper on Doctor Shopping which is:
Above is the link to get the paper. It is an interesting paper on a much unspoken of issue in today’s society.
As well as the issue with people doing doctor shopping to get various controlled medication – the schedules are different country to country as well as what they go under, so, I’ d say for the reader to check their local laws.
Pill farms may sound like a processing plant for illicit drugs, when in fact, it is when people go to a doctor who has been struck off or a foreign doctor not fully registered, (note – not all foreign doctors are like this!), to make out prescription scripts for the prescription drug (which maybe an opioid which maybe semi synthetic or fully synthetic).
There is many more ways to get hold of illicit drugs which you can pick up on prescription, but these are the ones which are interlinked.
This is the first of the posts in the addiction and natural medicine series.
In this post, we will discuss the genetic factors in play with addiction.
Perhaps one of the most researched ways for researching alcoholism, it is something that runs in families, and the risk of being an alcoholic is 4x more amongst the males of fathers who were alcoholic than sons of non-alcoholic fathers. However, we also see that kids of alcoholics do not become alcoholics & there are about half of the alcoholics known, do not have any other family members who are alcoholics.
This is a biological or physiological method of acquiring this disorder. This is said to be linked to the molecule Dopamine.
This molecule is said to be the main mood molecule, in addiction studies this is known as D2. A researcher on psychopharmacology called Kenneth Blum PhD states:
Forty years of research into the causes of alcoholism and other addictions have led to one conclusion: Irresistable craving is a malfunction of the reward centres of the brain… Genetic research….indicates that the malfunction begins in the gene.
Dr Blum then continues by mentioning the Brain Reward Cascade, (BRC). He describes it as:
This is the harmonious functioning of the brain’s neurotransmitters which work together in complex ways, to ensure the proper levels of dopamine in the brain’s reward centre. (Pleasurable activities or occurrences, even something as receiving a compliment, result in the release of dopamine in the brain, the “reward” or feel – good neurotransmitter.)
According to the model by Dr Blum, the genetic affects the system by triggering a breakdown in the BRC, which manifests in the person as feeling uneasy and having anxiety. This uncomfortable feeling then has the person trying to get rid of these feelings via substances or behaviour. The term which is given to this is:
Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS) – common predisposition to addiction.
Carrying on with the addiction theme, there may be another way the genetic factors play a part and that is, in the way the liver processes alcohol that predisposes a person towards alcoholism.
After all that, genetic factors isn’t the be all and end all of addiction, as genetics isn’t your destiny, as stated once by a biochemist – “Genetics doesn’t mean hopeless or incurable. What genetics means, to me, is chemistry. Chemistry can be adjusted and corrected.” Dr Blum’s research also backs up the biochemist, as he has found that supplementing the diet with amino acids – which are the starting products of neurotransmitters, which in turn can help with the RDS.
Although in our case, we can not change our genetic blueprint, however, we do have environmental factors, (which will be discussed later on in the series), which will play a part in drug addiction. However, the 1st step is to work out what these factors are, and then we can reduce them or totally take them out of out completely.
This is a blog which will give us an overview about all the natural therapies which are being in addiction and the whole holistic view of addictions.
There will be a series of 7 blogs:
The different types of addiction onset.
Biochemistry of addiction.
Amino Acid therapy of addictions.
Allergies and addiction.
Addiction and TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine.)
Addiction and Flower Essence Therapies
Also we will have a blog on Psychic healing as well as a blog on Thought Field Therapy and Seemorg Matrix work.
It looks to be an informative series of blogs on an issue which is close to my heart as I did a review / report on Cocaine and the endocannabinoid system. So am expecting the biochemistry section be massively detailed.
I am asking you the reader, do you want me to focus on drug & alcohol addiction, or do you want me to include gambling? Thank you!
Best get starting with my addiction series!!!!